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The CIA Introduces Gina Haspel After Her Long Career Undercover

Apr 20, 2018
Originally published on April 20, 2018 4:55 pm

Gina Haspel, the first woman nominated to lead the CIA, has a five-foot-tall poster of Johnny Cash in her office. She's an avid University of Kentucky basketball fan — though she transferred from that school and graduated from the rival University of Louisville. She majored in journalism.

All these tidbits come from the CIA, which recently published Haspel's biography on its website and by tweet, offering a personal portrait of someone who worked undercover for three decades. At the same time, former intelligence officials are providing glowing testimonials, describing her as a skilled CIA officer and station chief abroad and a talented manager at headquarters in Langley, Va.

For the CIA, this amounts to a full-throttle public relations campaign designed to counter critics who have focused on the most controversial part of Haspel's career — her role in the CIA's waterboarding campaign — and question whether this should disqualify her from the top job.

Haspel became the CIA's deputy director last year, a position that did not require Senate confirmation. President Trump has nominated her to replace Mike Pompeo, the president's choice to become secretary of state.

"She's a consummate professional. She's been doing this for 30 years in a lot of tough assignments," said Michael Vickers, a former CIA officer and a top Pentagon official.

In the early 1980s, Vickers was an Army Green Beret when he met Haspel, just out of college and working at the library on a military base in Massachusetts.

"As I was checking out some field manuals to study, we had a conversation about her background, and I was interested in going into the CIA down the road, and I suggested it, and lo and behold, that's what she did," said Vickers.

Fast-forward 30 years, and the two were working together, with Haspel a senior CIA official and Vickers as the Pentagon's undersecretary of defense for intelligence.

The CIA and Haspel's former colleagues clearly want to provide a sense of a woman who has left a nearly blank public record. Yet the one topic they won't discuss is her time at a CIA black site prison in Thailand — where al-Qaida suspects were waterboarded in 2002.

The CIA calls some reports about Haspel inaccurate, and in at least one case, ProPublica issued a major correction. But the CIA hasn't provided its own account of her role, saying it remains classified.

Confirmation hearing

Haspel is now preparing for what's set to be a tough confirmation hearing on May 9 before the Senate Intelligence Committee.

"If I were a senator, of course, the torture issue, the enhanced interrogation, will have to be a focus of those hearings," said Paul Pillar, who spent nearly three decades in the CIA. Now with the Center for Security Studies at Georgetown University, Pillar says he always opposed torture.

"I would expect, and hope, to hear from Ms. Haspel a very strong statement that such practices will not be resumed," he added.

Three Democratic senators wrote to Pompeo this week, asking him to declassify more information about Haspel.

"The more we review the classified facts, the more disturbed we are, both by the actions [Haspel] has taken during her career and by the CIA's failure to allow the public the opportunity to consider them," said the letter, signed by Ron Wyden of Oregon, Dianne Feinstein of California and Martin Heinrich of New Mexico.

Over the past decade, the torture question has been addressed in several ways.

President Barack Obama banned torture by executive order in 2009. Congress passed a law outlawing it in 2015. The Army Field Manual, which lists all permissible forms of interrogation, does not include waterboarding.

Yet CIA critics like John Prados of the National Security Archive, a private group that favors openness, says there still needs to be a public reckoning.

"If this is handled on the basis of the CIA trying to evade the issue by claiming the torture didn't happen, it didn't exist, then it will just make things worse," said Prados, author of The Ghosts of Langley: Into the CIA's Heart of Darkness.

"Right out of a spy novel"

For now, the CIA is focused on Haspel's personal story.

Her father was in the Air Force, so she grew up on military bases abroad. She attended high school in Britain and returned to the U.S. for college, first to Kentucky and then to Louisville.

At the CIA, her first foreign assignment was in Africa, though the CIA doesn't name the country. In her CIA biography, Haspel described her work as "right out of a spy novel. It really didn't get any better than that."

She later became a foreign station chief in more than one place. Again, no locations are mentioned, though it's been widely reported that one of them was the London operation.

"She's out there to recruit spies to steal secrets on behalf of the United States. She did that job well," said Mary Margaret Graham, a longtime colleague who is now retired from the CIA.

"She has a calmness about her when she is faced with a problem set that allows her to look at the second- and third-order effects of any decision," Graham added. "That's very, very rare."

As Haspel rose through the ranks, she asked to be posted to the agency's counterterrorism center. Her first day on that job: Sept. 11, 2001.

What's not included in her official bio is a controversial episode in 2005 when Haspel wrote a cable calling for the destruction of videotapes that showed suspects being waterboarded.

The tapes were then destroyed.

This infuriated some in Congress, who were aware that the tapes existed and had demanded they be preserved.

The CIA conducted an internal investigation. Michael Morell, who served as acting CIA chief, wrote of Haspel's cable: "She did so at the request of her direct supervisor and believing that it was lawful to do so. I personally led an accountability exercise that cleared Haspel of any wrongdoing."

Now Haspel's challenge will be winning over skeptics in the Senate.

Greg Myre is a national security correspondent. Follow him @gregmyre1.

Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

AILSA CHANG, HOST:

The nominee to replace Mike Pompeo is his deputy, Gina Haspel. She worked undercover for three decades in some of the CIA's most challenging jobs, but critics are focused on her role in the CIA's waterboarding campaign. In response, the CIA is waging a rare public relations campaign ahead of what's looking like a tough Senate confirmation hearing. Here's NPR's Greg Myre.

GREG MYRE, BYLINE: Gina Haspel has a 5-foot-tall poster of Johnny Cash in her office. She's a college basketball fan. She majored in journalism. All these tidbits come from the CIA as it provides a personal portrait of Haspel. The aim is to counter critics, including key senators, who question whether her links to waterboarding should disqualify her from the top job.

MICHAEL VICKERS: She is a consummate professional. She's been doing this for 30 years in a lot of tough assignments.

MYRE: Michael Vickers is a former CIA officer and Pentagon official. In the early 1980s, he was an Army Green Beret when he met Haspel. She was just out of college and working at the library on a military base.

VICKERS: As I was checking out some field manuals to study, we had a conversation about, you know, her background. And I was interested in going into the CIA down the road, and I suggested it. And lo and behold, that's what she did.

MYRE: Fast forward 30 years, and they work together in senior national security positions - Haspel at CIA, Vickers at the Pentagon. Haspel, the first woman nominated to lead the CIA, has a mostly blank public record due to her clandestine career. One period getting intense scrutiny is her time at a CIA black site prison in Thailand where al-Qaida suspects were waterboarded in 2002. The CIA won't discuss it - classified, they say. But some senators are demanding to know more in advance of her confirmation hearing on May 9.

PAUL PILLAR: If I were a senator, of course the torture issue, the enhanced interrogation issue will have to be the focus of those hearings.

MYRE: Paul Pillar spent nearly three decades at the CIA. Would he vote for Haspel?

PILLAR: I think this is one of these cases where the confirmation hearings will be very important, especially with regard to the issue of interrogations. And we should wait to hear what she says.

MYRE: Over the past decade, the government has addressed torture in several ways. President Barack Obama outlawed it by executive order. Congress passed a law banning it. The Army Field Manual, which lists permissible forms of interrogation, does not include waterboarding. Yet CIA critic John Prados of the National Security Archive, which advocates for open government, says there needs to be a public reckoning.

JOHN PRADOS: If this is handled on the basis of the CIA trying to evade the issue by claiming the torture didn't happen, it didn't exist, then it will just make things worse.

MYRE: For now, the CIA is focused on promoting Haspel's story. Her father was Air Force. She grew up on military bases abroad, high school in Britain, graduated from the University of Louisville. At the CIA, her first foreign assignment was in Africa. Haspel described her work as right out of a spy novel; it really didn't get any better than that.

MARY MARGARET GRAHAM: She's out there to recruit spies to steal secrets on behalf of the United States. She did that job well.

MYRE: Mary Margaret Graham was a longtime colleague. She's now retired from the CIA. As Haspel rose through the ranks, she asked to be posted to the agency's counterterrorism center. Her first day on that job - September 11, 2001. Four years later, amid controversy surrounding the treatment of prisoners, Haspel wrote a cable. It called for the destruction of videotapes that showed al-Qaida suspects being waterboarded. The tapes were destroyed, and some in Congress were furious. An internal CIA review later cleared Haspel of any wrongdoing. Now her biggest challenge is winning over skeptics in the Senate. Greg Myre, NPR News, Washington. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.